Europe, High Performance in a Compact Configuration
Europe is the new GNR Benchtop (Theta/2Theta) or (Theta/Theta) powder diffraction system for XRD qualitative and quantitative analysis of polycrystalline materials.
With an achievable FWHM peak resolution < 0.04° 2Θ and an angular accuracy < ± 0.01° over the whole 2theta angular range, Europe guarantees the necessary level of performance for the most demanding x-ray diffraction material investigation in a compact and low cost configuration.
Which Measurements can be performed with EUROPE?
Europe, operating at 600 W, offers characteristics and options that provide maximum flexibility in a benchtop set up without quality compromises and with reliable data analysis.
Compact Size: its compact size and robust design enable installation in a lab bench and operations in a small space.
Goniometer: GNR develops an ultra-compact goniometer that, adopting stepper motors with optical encoders, ensures extremely precise angular positioning. The double axis goniometer provides two indipendent angular degrees of freedom with common centre of rotation.
Optics: X-Ray beam collimation is obtained by variable slits that guarantee a perfect alignment of the beam in the equatorial direction, while in the axial direction the divergence is limited by soller slits. Europe can mount glass and ceramic X-Ray tubes with high reproducibility and stability of
X-Ray Detectors: Nal(TI) Scintillation Counter / Fast Detector
Sample holders: several sample holders are available to meet the specific needs of each laboratory (Rotating Sample Stage, Standard and Custom Sample Holders, Air Sensitive Sample Holder, 6 Position Automatic Sample Changer).
Applications Europe fits well customer analytical needs in many fields;
Crystallite Size Calculation - Nanotechnology
X-ray Diffraction (XRD) is a good solution to nanostructured emerging materials: measuring FWHM of diffraction peaks and using Scherrer formula is possible to calculate the average size of the diffracting crystallites that is strictly related to the nanopowder activity higher than its bulk counterpart.
Thanks to ease of use software and high resolution optics and detector, Europe calculates the crystallite size in one buton click with accuracy up to 1nm.
Phase Identification and Quantitative – Mineralogy
X-ray Diffraction (XRD) is the most efficient method for direct obtaining information about the mineralogy of ores concentrates and industrial residues.
Europe is X-ray diffraction for everyone in the mining industry. Ease of use, data quality and speed of analysis, high accuracy and robust design and low cost of ownership are the key features of Europe XRD.
Crystallinity Degree Calculation – Pharmaceutical
The calculation of crystallinity by XRD is based on the presumption that the broad peak comes from amorphous phase, the sharp peak comes from crystal phase. XRD data can be used to calculate crystallinity by the broad and the sharp peaks.
Europe is the ideal benchtop XRD instrument to get insight in your material. Monitor phases in your freshly synthesized material, determine crystallinity degree (polymorphism) in pharmaceuticals.
Silica Dust Monitoring – Environmental
Crystalline silica is a basic component of soil, sand, granite, and many other minerals. Quartz is the most common form of crystalline silica. The seriousness of the health hazards associated with silica exposure is demonstrated by the fatalities and disabling illnesses that continue to occur in sandblasters and rock drillers. Crystalline silica has been classified as a human lung carcinogen. Measuring and quantifying silica dust collected on air filter is important to protect health of workers involved in activity exposed to silica dust.
Quartz (101) diffraction peak area is proportional to the mass of silica dust deposited on a filter. Using NIST – SRM 1878 quartz standard is used to calculate a calibration curve for silica dust mass quantification and monitoring.
Thanks to Fast Detector and Multi Tasks Suite software, Europe is the ideal, ease of use and economic solution to determine and monitoring silica dust mass.